Hannah is granted a child by the Lord and gives him to the Lord's service.
¶ Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim,
and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son
of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite:
.2 And he had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah: and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.
.3 And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, were there.
| 1 -
of Ramathaim-zophim-- "The first word
being in the dual number, signifies the double city the old and new town
of Ramah [verse
19]. There were five cities of this name, all on high ground.
This city had the addition of Zophim attached to it, because it was founded
by Zuph, "an Ephrathite," that is a native of Ephratha." (JFB)
1 - Elkanah Meaning "whom God has bought."
1 - Son of ... He was a Levite.
2 - Two wives See on ge1701.
And when the time was that Elkanah offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife,
and to all her sons and her daughters, portions:
.5 But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her womb.
6 And her adversary also provoked her sore, for to make her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb.
7 And as he did so year by year, when she went up to the house of the LORD, so she provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not eat.
8 Then said Elkanah her husband to her, Hannah, why weepest thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? am not I better to thee than ten sons?
8 - Better than ten sons Maybe there's something we men don't understand very well.
¶ So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they
had drunk. Now Eli the priest sat upon a seat by a post of the temple of
10 And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the LORD, and wept sore.
.11 And she vowed a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of thine handmaid, and remember me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid a man child, then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there shall no razor come upon his head.
12 And it came to pass, as she continued praying before the LORD, that Eli marked her mouth.
13 Now Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard: therefore Eli thought she had been drunken.
14 And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken? put away thy wine from thee.
15 And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before the LORD.
16 Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of Belial: for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief have I spoken hitherto.
17 Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace: and the God of Israel grant thee thy petition that thou hast asked of him.
18 And she said, Let thine handmaid find grace in thy sight. So the woman went her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more sad.
© 2002, GoodSalt, Inc., used by permission
13 - Spoke in her heart The God who knows our inner thoughts hears our silent prayers.
16 - Belial See 2sa1607.
17 - Eli answered ... peace He recognized the hand of God and his words to Hannah spoke peace. She could ignore Peninnah. Compare Jesus' statement lu2334.
¶ And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before the
LORD, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and Elkanah knew
Hannah his wife; and the LORD remembered her.
.20 Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, Because I have asked him of the LORD.
.21 And the man Elkanah, and all his house, went up to offer unto the LORD the yearly sacrifice, and his vow.
.22 But Hannah went not up; for she said unto her husband, I will not go up until the child be weaned, and then I will bring him, that he may appear before the LORD, and there abide for ever.
- Elkanah knew his wife That is, he went to bed with her.
22 - Forever The term has come to mean without end, perhaps from the time when Greek mythology became popular and the Jews adopted the pagan ideas of death. Compare verse 28.
| 23 And Elkanah her husband
said unto her, Do what seemeth thee good; tarry until thou have weaned
him; only the LORD establish his word. So the woman abode, and gave her
son suck until she weaned him.
24 And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bullocks, and one ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine, and brought him unto the house of the LORD in Shiloh: and the child was young.
25 And they slew a bullock, and brought the child to Eli.
.26 And she said, Oh my lord, as thy soul liveth, my lord, I am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the LORD.
27 For this child I prayed; and the LORD hath given me my petition which I asked of him:
28 Therefore also I have lent him to the LORD; as long as he liveth he shall be lent to the LORD. And he worshipped the LORD there.
- The child "Samuel's age when he was weaned is not known.
It is common in the Orient for a child to continue nursing till he is three
years old, and it is quite possible that Isaac, for example, could have
been five years old when Abraham held the feast at which he made Isaac
his heir." ge2108. Compare 1ch2914,
28 - As long as he lives Hannah understood "forever" to be a long time or permanently, but not endlessly.
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