| 1 ¶ The word
that came to Jeremiah from the LORD in the tenth year of Zedekiah king
of Judah, which was the eighteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar.
.2 For then the king of Babylon's army besieged [was besieging] Jerusalem: and Jeremiah the prophet was shut up in the court of the prison, which was in the king of Judah's house.
3 For Zedekiah king of Judah had shut him up, saying, Wherefore dost thou prophesy, and say, Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will give this city into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall take it;
- Word ... came ... tenth This was around 587 B.C. while
Jerusalem was under siege je5204.
The common dates help establish other dates.
2 - In ...court of ... prison "That is, in the open space occupied by the guard, from which he was not allowed to depart, but where any of his friends might visit him ([v12]; 38:13,28). Marvellous obstinacy, that at the time when they were experiencing the truth of Jeremiah's words in the pressure of the siege, they should still keep the prophet in confinement [CALVIN]. The circumstances narrated (Jer 32:3-5) occurred at the beginning of the siege, when Jeremiah foretold the capture of the city (Jer 32:1; 34:1-7; 39:1). He was at that time put into free custody in the court of the prison. At the raising of the siege by Pharaoh-hophra, Jeremiah was on the point of repairing to Benjamin, when he was cast into "the dungeon," but obtained leave to be removed again to the court of the prison (Jer 37:12-21). When there he urged the Jews, on the second advance of the Chaldeans to the siege, to save themselves by submission to Nebuchadnezzar (Jer 38:2,3); in consequence of this the king, at the instigation of the princes, had him cast into a miry dungeon (Jer 38:4-6); again he was removed to the prison court at the intercession of a courtier (Jer 32:7-13), where he remained till the capture of the city (Jer 32:28), when he was liberated (Jer 39:11; 40:1, &c.)." (JFB Commentary)
3 - Wherefore ... prophesy? As God's servants we may be called to teach unpopular truth.
And Zedekiah king of Judah shall not escape out of the hand of the Chaldeans,
but shall surely be delivered into the hand of the king of Babylon, and
shall speak with him mouth to mouth, and his eyes shall behold his eyes;
5 And he shall lead Zedekiah to Babylon, and there shall he be until I visit him, saith the LORD: though ye fight with the Chaldeans, ye shall not prosper.
| 4 -
... not escape He had been disloyal to his trust
4 - Behold his eyes See the prophecy of Ezekiel ez1213. Nebuchadnezzar put out Zedekiah's eyes, je3907. Compare je5210, 2ki2506.
And Jeremiah said, The word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
.7 Behold, Hanameel the son of Shallum thine uncle shall come unto thee, saying, Buy thee my field that is in Anathoth: for the right of redemption is thine to buy it.
.8 So Hanameel mine uncle's son came to me in the court of the prison according to the word of the LORD, and said unto me, Buy my field, I pray thee, that is in Anathoth, which is in the country of Benjamin: for the right of inheritance is thine, and the redemption is thine; buy it for thyself. Then I knew that this was the word of the LORD.
|Jeremiah had preached that, although captivity would come, so would restoration. Now, even though he personally would not occupy the field, God used his sincerity to give weight to the certainty of the prophecy.|
And I bought the field of Hanameel my uncle's son, that was in Anathoth,
and weighed him the money, even seventeen shekels of silver.
10 And I subscribed the evidence, and sealed it, and took witnesses, and weighed him the money in the balances.
11 So I took the evidence of the purchase, both that which was sealed according to the law and custom, and that which was open:
.12 And I gave the evidence of the purchase unto Baruch the son of Neriah, the son of Maaseiah, in the sight of Hanameel mine uncle's son, and in the presence of the witnesses that subscribed the book of the purchase, before all the Jews that sat in the court of the prison.
- Weighed This was before the time of coins.
12 - Evidence ... both "two evidences of sale were prepared: the one sealed and carefully laid up for future use, in case of doubt or litigation; the other a copy not sealed and left open, that its contents might at any time be read." (Family Bible Notes).
| 13 And I charged Baruch
before them, saying,
14 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Take these evidences, this evidence of the purchase, both which is sealed, and this evidence which is open; and put them in an earthen vessel, that they may continue many days.
15 For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Houses and fields and vineyards shall be possessed again in this land.
- Baruch For more on this trusted scribe see on je3604.
14 - Earthen vessel ... many days The document as important. The return from captivity would not be soon.
¶ Now when I had delivered the evidence of the purchase unto Baruch
the son of Neriah, I prayed unto the LORD, saying,
.17 Ah Lord GOD! behold, thou hast made the heaven and the earth by thy great power and stretched out arm, and there is nothing too hard for thee:
.18 Thou shewest lovingkindness unto thousands, and recompensest the iniquity of the fathers into the bosom of their children after them: the Great, the Mighty God, the LORD of hosts, is his name,
.19 Great in counsel, and mighty in work: for thine eyes are open upon all the ways of the sons of men: to give every one according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings:
20 Which hast set signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, even unto this day, and in Israel, and among other men; and hast made thee a name, as at this day;
| 21 And hast
brought forth thy people Israel out of the land of Egypt with signs, and
with wonders, and with a strong hand, and with a stretched out arm, and
with great terror;
22 And hast given them this land, which thou didst swear to their fathers to give them, a land flowing with milk and honey;
23 And they came in, and possessed it; but they obeyed not thy voice, neither walked in thy law; they have done nothing of all that thou commandedst them to do: therefore thou hast caused all this evil to come upon them:
|23 - Obeyed not Obedience was and is still the qualification for blessing.|
Behold the mounts, they are come unto the city to take it; and the city
is given into the hand of the Chaldeans, that fight against it, because
of the sword, and of the famine, and of the pestilence: and what thou hast
spoken is come to pass; and, behold, thou seest it.
25 And thou hast said unto me, O Lord GOD, Buy thee the field for money, and take witnesses; for the city is given into the hand of the Chaldeans.
|24 - Mounts "mounds of earth raised as breastworks by the besieging army, behind which they employed their engines, and which they gradually pushed forward to the walls of the city." JFB Commentary|
| 26 ¶ Then
came the word of the LORD unto Jeremiah, saying,
27 Behold, I am the LORD, the God of all flesh: is there any thing too hard for me?
28 Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will give this city into the hand of the Chaldeans, and into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and he shall take it:
.29 And the Chaldeans, that fight against this city, shall come and set fire on this city, and burn it with the houses, upon whose roofs they have offered incense unto Baal, and poured out drink offerings unto other gods, to provoke me to anger.
30 For the children of Israel and the children of Judah have only done evil before me from their youth: for the children of Israel have only provoked me to anger with the work of their hands, saith the LORD.
|26 - Word of the Lord "Jehovah retorts Jeremiah's own words: I am indeed, as thou sayest ... [verse 17], the God and Creator of "all flesh," and "nothing is too hard for Me"; thine own words ought to have taught thee that, though Judea and Jerusalem are given up to the Chaldeans now for the sins of the Jews, yet it will not be hard to Me, when I please, to restore the state so that houses and lands therein shall be possessed in safety [verse 36-44]" (JFB Commentary).|
| 31 For this
city hath been to me as a provocation of mine anger and of my fury from
the day that they built it even unto this day; that I should remove it
from before my face,
.32 Because of all the evil of the children of Israel and of the children of Judah, which they have done to provoke me to anger, they, their kings, their princes, their priests, and their prophets, and the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
.33 And they have turned unto me the back, and not the face: though I taught them, rising up early and teaching them, yet they have not hearkened to receive instruction.
- Provocation of mine anger Literally "for my anger."
31 - Day ... built it "Solomon completed the building of the city; and it was he who, first of the Jewish kings, turned to idolatry. It was originally built by the idolatrous Canaanites." (JFB).
| 34 But they set their
abominations in the house, which is called by my name, to defile it.
.35 And they built the high places of Baal, which are in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to cause their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire unto Molech; which I commanded them not, neither came it into my mind, that they should do this abomination, to cause Judah to sin.
|34 - Abominations Turning against truth and purity of the Lord. For Ahaz see 2ch2801-4, As copied by Manasseh, 2ki2101-9, 2ch3301-9, etc.|
|36 And now therefore thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, concerning this city, whereof ye say, It shall be delivered into the hand of the king of Babylon by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence;||-|
Behold, I will gather them out of all countries, whither I have driven
them in mine anger, and in my fury, and in great wrath; and I will bring
them again unto this place, and I will cause them to dwell safely:
38 And they shall be my people, and I will be their God:
.39 And I will give them one heart, and one way, that they may fear me for ever, for the good of them, and of their children after them:
.40 And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; but I will put my fear in their hearts, that they shall not depart from me.
41 Yea, I will rejoice over them to do them good, and I will plant them in this land assuredly with my whole heart and with my whole soul.
- Gather them ... driven them They were to lose their city
and temple because they were unfaithful. No doubt many among the people
were true to God. Daniel and his friends were faithful.
38 - Be my people ... I will be their God A repetition of the covenant blessing. je3131.
For thus saith the LORD; Like as I have brought all this great evil upon
this people, so will I bring upon them all the good that I have promised
.43 And fields shall be bought in this land, whereof ye say, It is desolate without man or beast; it is given into the hand of the Chaldeans.
.44 Men shall buy fields for money, and subscribe evidences, and seal them, and take witnesses in the land of Benjamin, and in the places about Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah, and in the cities of the mountains, and in the cities of the valley, and in the cities of the south: for I will cause their captivity to return, saith the LORD.
- Fields shall be bought They would not forever be in Babylonian
44 - Cities of the valley ... south See jos15.