¶ In the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king
of Judah came this word unto Jeremiah from the LORD, saying,
.2 Thus saith the LORD to me; Make thee bonds and yokes, and put them upon thy neck,
.3 And send them to the king of Edom, and to the king of Moab, and to the king of the Ammonites, and to the king of Tyrus, and to the king of Zidon, by the hand of the messengers which come to Jerusalem unto Zedekiah king of Judah;
| 1 -
Probably should be "Zedekiah." Several Hebrew manuscripts agree. And this
is evident from verses 3 and 12. See je2801.
Along with neighboring kings, he hoped for freedom from Nebuchadnezzar
who had placed him on the throne 2ki2417.
2 - Bonds and yokes Other prophecies also were acted out is2002, je1819, ez1205, ac2110.
3 - Send them The messengers who brought the request to resist Nebuchadnezzar were to return with the message that the nations were not to resist.
3 - King of Edom and to ... Kings to whom a similar warning had been given eleven years earlier je2521.
| 4 And command them to
say unto their masters, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel;
Thus shall ye say unto your masters;
5 I have made the earth, the man and the beast that are upon the ground, by my great power and by my outstretched arm, and have given it unto whom it seemed meet [suitable] unto me.
6 And now have I given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant; and the beasts of the field have I given him also to serve him.
7 And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son's son, until the very time of his land come: and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him.
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them Jeremiah was to warn the kings.
4 - Lord of hosts He was in charge of the armies of heaven je0703. The hosts of earth would be powerless before Him jos0514, ps02410.
5 - I have made He would give the land to whomever He pleased. It was His. He had made it. am0413, am0906, ps08318, da0221, da0518.
7 - Son and son's son Possibly a reference to Nabonidus and Belshazzar whom we would call his son-in-law and the son-in-law's son. See comments about them re0408c.
Copyright Lee Krystek, 2001 - http://unmuseum.mus.pa.us/
Nebuchadnezzar built "hanging" gardens for his wife.
And it shall come to pass, that the nation and kingdom which will not serve
the same Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, and that will not put their
neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon, that nation will I punish,
saith the LORD, with the sword, and with the famine, and with the pestilence,
until I have consumed them by his hand.
9 Therefore hearken not ye to your prophets, nor to your diviners, nor to your dreamers, nor to your enchanters, nor to your sorcerers, which speak unto you, saying, Ye shall not serve the king of Babylon:
10 For they prophesy a lie unto you, to remove you far from your land; and that I should drive you out, and ye should perish.
.11 But the nations that bring their neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon, and serve him, those will I let remain still in their own land, saith the LORD; and they shall till it, and dwell therein.
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9 - Diviners Those who cast lots to advise a course of action. See ez2121, da0120.
9 - Enchanters See le1926, de1810-14.
10 - Sorcerers They contacted evil spirits. See on ex0711, da0202, is4909.
10 - Remove you far The result of reliance on such sources of information would bring death as when Ahab listened to "lying spirits." 1ki2215. It's advice for us, too.
11 - But Nations that [submit] ... remain. The person or nation that receives the words of God may rest assured that, in spite of circumstances, His way is best, ph0411, he1305, ro0828.
¶ I spake also to Zedekiah king of Judah according to all these words,
saying, Bring your necks under the yoke of the king of Babylon, and serve
him and his people, and live.
13 Why will ye die, thou and thy people, by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence, as the LORD hath spoken against the nation that will not serve the king of Babylon?
14 Therefore hearken not unto the words of the prophets that speak unto you, saying, Ye shall not serve the king of Babylon: for they prophesy a lie unto you.
15 For I have not sent them, saith the LORD, yet they prophesy a lie in my name; that I might drive you out, and that ye might perish, ye, and the prophets that prophesy unto you.
- Zedekiah ... necks The Israelite king, Zedekiah had been
invited to cooperate with Babylon as had other nations. See on verse 1.
13 - Sword See on je1412, je2708. The rule was for any nation.
14 - Prophesy a lie je1413, je2301-34.
15 - That I might drive you out It was not God's wish that they perish but such would be the result. This is a literary form which implies what it does not say.
Also I spake to the priests and to all this people, saying, Thus saith
the LORD; Hearken not to the words of your prophets that prophesy unto
you, saying, Behold, the vessels of the LORD'S house shall now shortly
be brought again from Babylon: for they prophesy a lie unto you.
17 Hearken not unto them; serve the king of Babylon, and live: wherefore should this city be laid waste?
18 But if they be prophets, and if the word of the LORD be with them, let them now make intercession to the LORD of hosts, that the vessels which are left in the house of the LORD, and in the house of the king of Judah, and at Jerusalem, go not to Babylon.
- Shortly be brought again This would have seemed hard to
believe. They had been taken away before Zedekiah began to govern 2ki2410,
For their return, see ezr0107.
17 - Hearken not ... city Revolt would only lead to the destruction of city and temple. "The "vessels" had been carried away to Babylon in the reign of Jeconiah (2Ki 24:13); also previously in that of Jehoiakim (2Ch 36:5-7)." (JFB commentary)
For thus saith the LORD of hosts concerning the pillars, and concerning
the sea, and concerning the bases, and concerning the residue of the vessels
that remain in this city,
20 Which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon took not, when he carried away captive Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah from Jerusalem to Babylon, and all the nobles of Judah and Jerusalem;
21 Yea, thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, concerning the vessels that remain in the house of the LORD, and in the house of the king of Judah and of Jerusalem;
.22 They shall be carried to Babylon, and there shall they be until the day that I visit them, saith the LORD; then will I bring them up, and restore them to this place.
- Carried See 2ki2513.
22 - Until the day God was in control. By the time of later Israel's rebellion against Rome, they were taken away for good. See v16.