¶ Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of
Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah, which swear by the
name of the LORD, and make mention of the God of Israel, but not in truth,
nor in righteousness.
.2 For they call themselves of the holy city, and stay themselves upon the God of Israel; The LORD of hosts is his name.
3 I have declared the former things from the beginning; and they went forth out of my mouth, and I shewed them; I did them suddenly, and they came to pass.
4 Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;
5 I have even from the beginning declared it to thee; before it came to pass I shewed it thee: lest thou shouldest say, Mine idol hath done them, and my graven image, and my molten image, hath commanded them.
| 1 -
of the waters of Judah Some manuscripts read "out of the seed
1 - Make mention of Some translations read "invoke." It is literally "cause to remember."
2 - The holy city They believe they are Zion but are so only in name. is2913, mi0311f, jn0833,39.
3 - Suddenly Or "unexpectedly."
| 6 Thou hast heard, see
all this; and will not ye declare it? I have shewed thee new things from
this time, even hidden things, and thou didst not know them.
7 They are created now, and not from the beginning; even before the day when thou heardest them not; lest thou shouldest say, Behold, I knew them.
8 Yea, thou heardest not; yea, thou knewest not; yea, from that time that thine ear was not opened: for I knew that thou wouldest deal very treacherously, and wast called a transgressor from the womb.
| 6 -
hast heard Our responsibility is to reflect the light that we
have been given. is4310, is4408.
6 - New things "namely, the deliverance from Babylon by Cyrus, new in contradistinction from former predictions that had been fulfilled (Isa 42:9; 43:19). Antitypically, the prophecy has in view the "new things" of the gospel treasury (Song 7:13; Mt 13:52; 2Co 5:17; Re 21:5) ..." (JFB). Actually the OT clarifies these things more than it would appear. The problem with the Jewish nation at the time of Christ was that they expected a king to overthrow the Romans, not a baby in a manger.
¶ For my name's sake will I defer mine anger, and for my praise will
I refrain for thee, that I cut thee not off.
.10 Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.
11 For mine own sake, even for mine own sake, will I do it: for how should my name be polluted? and I will not give my glory unto another.
12 Hearken unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; I am he; I am the first, I also am the last.
13 Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spanned the heavens: when I call unto them, they stand up together.
|12 - My called Israel was different in that God had given them light for the world. They were not to be the only saved ones but rather the channel for God's grace.|
| 14 All ye, assemble
yourselves, and hear; which among them hath declared these things? The
LORD hath loved him: he will do his pleasure on Babylon, and his arm shall
be on the Chaldeans.
15 I, even I, have spoken; yea, I have called him: I have brought him, and he shall make his way prosperous.
|15 - Him Could be Cyrus, but looks like Israel to me.|
|.16 ¶ Come ye near unto me, hear ye this; I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I: and now the Lord GOD, and his Spirit, hath sent me.|| From
the time ... I We see the Trinity here. The Lord God and
the Holy Spirit sent Christ.
There am I See the I AM in ex0306, ex0314. Christ was sent to this earth when needed jn0114, jn0334, jn1703,4.
| 17 Thus saith the LORD,
thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; I am the LORD thy God which teacheth
thee to profit, which leadeth thee by the way that thou shouldest go.
18 O that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments! then had thy peace been as a river, and thy righteousness as the waves of the sea:
19 Thy seed also had been as the sand, and the offspring of thy bowels like the gravel thereof; his name should not have been cut off nor destroyed from before me.
- Thy Redeemer A nice verse to underline. He wants to lead
18 - Peace ... as a river Notice the condition.
Go ye forth of Babylon, flee ye from the Chaldeans, with a voice of singing
declare ye, tell this, utter it even to the end of the earth; say ye, The
LORD hath redeemed his servant Jacob.
21 And they thirsted not when he led them through the deserts: he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them: he clave the rock also, and the waters gushed out.
22 There is no peace, saith the LORD, unto the wicked.
- Go ye forth out of Babylon Redemption connected with coming
out of false religion re1408.
21 - They thirsted not Shifting to the departure from Egypt we see God's care for those who come out.
22 - No peace ... unto the wicked Sin is illogical. Only loving, forgiving, committed children of God can truly be at peace.