He, that being often reproved hardeneth his neck, shall suddenly be destroyed,
and that without remedy.
2 When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn.
.3 Whoso loveth wisdom rejoiceth his father: but he that keepeth company with harlots spendeth his substance.
4 The king by judgment establisheth the land: but he that receiveth gifts overthroweth it.
5 A man that flattereth his neighbour spreadeth a net for his feet.
| 1 -
Hardeneth See on de0906.
3 - Rejoiceth his father ex2012.
5 - Flattereth It is wise to be cautious and to base our decisions on what would be best for the glory of God. See pr2628, pr2823.
| 6 In the transgression
of an evil man there is a snare: but the righteous doth sing and rejoice.
7 The righteous considereth the cause of the poor: but the wicked regardeth not to know it.
8 Scornful men bring a city into a snare: but wise men turn away wrath.
9 If a wise man contendeth with a foolish man, whether he rage or laugh, there is no rest.
10 The bloodthirsty hate the upright: but the just seek his soul.
| 6 -
Evil man ... snare Choosing the way of evil is to withdraw from
the protection of God.
7 - Cause of the poor How true this is. We see it especially for selfish political leaders.
8 - Bring a city into a snare Better "Scoffers set a city aflame, but wise men turn away wrath." (RSV)
10 - The Hebrew text is unclear.
| 11 A fool uttereth all
his mind: but a wise man keepeth it in till afterwards.
12 If a ruler hearken to lies, all his servants are wicked.
13 The poor and the deceitful man meet together: the LORD lighteneth both their eyes.
14 The king that faithfully judgeth the poor, his throne shall be established for ever.
- All his mind ... afterwards The wise person does not respond in
the heat of argument but waits for a calm moment to speak.
13 - Lighteneth both The Lord gives life or wisdom to both. He helps the poor to avoid a bad transaction while He helps the rich person to see his selfishness.
14 - Judgeth In harmony with the interpretation of the previous verse.
| 15 The rod and reproof
give wisdom: but a child left to himself bringeth his mother to shame.
16 When the wicked are multiplied, transgression increaseth: but the righteous shall see their fall.
.17 Correct thy son, and he shall give thee rest; yea, he shall give delight unto thy soul.
- Rod and reproof Both are in contrast to "left to himself." They
need to be used with love. Compare pr1013,
16 - See their fall Although not in all cases except at the end of the thousand years. See ez3311, re2015.
Where there is no vision, the people perish: but he that keepeth the law,
happy is he.
19 A servant will not be corrected by words: for though he understand he will not answer.
20 Seest thou a man that is hasty in his words? there is more hope of a fool than of him.
21 He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child shall have him become his son at the length.
22 An angry man stirreth up strife, and a furious man aboundeth in transgression.
- No vision God speaks when people listen. There were no prophets
during the darkness from the time of Malachi to Matthew.
18 - Perish Better translated, "are unrestrained."
Where there is no prophecy the people cast off restraint, but blessed is he who keeps the law. (RSV)
19 - Servant From 'ebed, Or "slave." It may take more than words to get a stubborn slave to respond with action.
| 23 A man's pride shall
bring him low: but honour shall uphold the humble in spirit.
24 Whoso is partner with a thief hateth his own soul: he heareth cursing, and bewrayeth it not.
.25 The fear of man bringeth a snare: but whoso putteth his trust in the LORD shall be safe.
26 Many seek the ruler's favour; but every man's judgment cometh from the LORD.
27 An unjust man is an abomination to the just: and he that is upright in the way is abomination to the wicked.
- Honor shall uphold ... Better translated "such shall lay hold
24 - Various interpretations are possible.
25 - Fear of man ... trust in the Lord We need to stand on principle in spite of what may happen to him.
25 - Safe Or "set on high." See pr1810; is5112, mt1028, mr0838.
26 - Judgment ... from the Lord ec1214, ac1731, 2ti0408.
27 - Abomination to In fulfillment of a promise ge0315.