¶ And David assembled all the princes of Israel, the princes of the
tribes, and the captains of the companies that ministered to the king by
course, and the captains over the thousands, and captains over the hundreds,
and the stewards over all the substance and possession of the king, and
of his sons, with the officers, and with the mighty men, and with all the
valiant men, unto Jerusalem.
2 Then David the king stood up upon his feet, and said, Hear me, my brethren, and my people: As for me, I had in mine heart to build an house of rest for the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and for the footstool of our God, and had made ready for the building.
Solomon had been anointed quietly 1ki0138.
Now he was to be officially presented to the princes.
Princes of Israel These included Princes of the tribes 1ch2716 and captains of the companies – army captains 1ch2702. The Lord designated captains for the children of Israel in the wilderness ex1821.
Stewards See 1ch2725.
Sons Commitment to Solomon 1ch2924.
Officers From sarisim meaning eunuchs.
Upon his feet David was old and standing may have been difficult.
My brethren ... people They were his family 1sa3023, 2sa1912.
In my heart 1ch2207.
Footstool See the idea in ps09905, ps13207.
But God said unto me, Thou shalt not build an house for my name, because
thou hast been a man of war, and hast shed blood.
4 Howbeit the LORD God of Israel chose me before all the house of my father to be king over Israel for ever: for he hath chosen Judah to be the ruler; and of the house of Judah, the house of my father; and among the sons of my father he liked me to make me king over all Israel:
God said Many great leaders fail at this point. Faith inspired by
early success turns to presumption and the voice of God through His word
is ignored or reinterpreted. David had been a warrior 1ch2208
and not all was justified.
Chose me ... house ... for ever Permanence of the kingdom is continued through David's seed, Christ. lu0132, jn1234. Also on 2sa0712.
Judah See ge4908, 1ch0502, ps06007, ps07867.
And of all my sons, (for the LORD hath given me many sons,) he hath chosen
Solomon my son to sit upon the throne of the kingdom of the LORD over Israel.
6 And he said unto me, Solomon thy son, he shall build my house and my courts: for I have chosen him to be my son, and I will be his father.
|Lord ... hath chosen Solomon He was told his son would follow 2sa0712. Which son would have been revealed to David.|
| 7 Moreover I will establish
his kingdom for ever, if he be constant to do my commandments and my judgments,
as at this day.
8 Now therefore in the sight of all Israel the congregation of the LORD, and in the audience of our God, keep and seek for all the commandments of the LORD your God: that ye may possess this good land, and leave it for an inheritance for your children after you for ever.
|Establish ... if he be constant Repeated to Solomon at 1ki0314.|
And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him
with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the LORD searcheth all
hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou
seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast
thee off for ever.
10 Take heed now; for the LORD hath chosen thee to build an house for the sanctuary: be strong, and do it.
|Know thou Compare jn1703.|
¶ Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch, and
of the houses thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper
chambers thereof, and of the inner parlours thereof, and of the place of
the mercy seat,
12 And the pattern of all that he had by the spirit, of the courts of the house of the LORD, and of all the chambers round about, of the treasuries of the house of God, and of the treasuries of the dedicated things:
13 Also for the courses of the priests and the Levites, and for all the work of the service of the house of the LORD, and for all the vessels of service in the house of the LORD.
|Pattern Given to David v19 as the wilderness tabernacle pattern had been shown to Moses ex2508.|
He gave of gold by weight for things of gold, for all instruments of all
manner of service; silver also for all instruments of silver by weight,
for all instruments of every kind of service:
15 Even the weight for the candlesticks of gold, and for their lamps of gold, by weight for every candlestick, and for the lamps thereof: and for the candlesticks of silver by weight, both for the candlestick, and also for the lamps thereof, according to the use of every candlestick.
.16 And by weight he gave gold for the tables of shewbread, for every table; and likewise silver for the tables of silver:
- Gold by weight David allocated the gold precisely for various
15 - Even the weight ... "Solomon made them all of gold — in this and a few minor particulars departing from the letter of his father's instructions, where he had the means of executing them in a more splendid style. There was only one candlestick and one table in the tabernacle, but ten in the temple." (JFB)
16 - Tables of shewbread In the original tabernacle established in the wilderness there was only one such table. ex2523-30. Also see 1ki0748, 2ch2918. Solomon had ten tables 2ch0408, 19 .
| 17 Also pure gold for the
fleshhooks, and the bowls, and the cups: and for the golden basons he gave
gold by weight for every bason; and likewise silver by weight for every
bason of silver:
.18 And for the altar of incense refined gold by weight; and gold for the pattern of the chariot of the cherubims, that spread out their wings, and covered the ark of the covenant of the LORD.
.19 All this, said David, the LORD made me understand in writing by his hand upon me, even all the works of this pattern.
- Wings Compare 1ki0806.
19 - Writing The verse is literally translated as "He explained all in writing from the hand of Yahweh upon me, all the works of the pattern."
And David said to Solomon his son, Be strong and of good courage, and do
it: fear not, nor be dismayed: for the LORD God, even my God, will be with
thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee, until thou hast finished
all the work for the service of the house of the LORD.
21 And, behold, the courses of the priests and the Levites, even they shall be with thee for all the service of the house of God: and there shall be with thee for all manner of workmanship every willing skilful man, for any manner of service: also the princes and all the people will be wholly at thy commandment.
|Fear not An echo of the charge Moses gave to Joshua. de3106, jos0106.|