¶ And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that
he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of
corn, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands.
2 And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days?
3 And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read so much as this, what David did, when himself was an hungred, and they which were with him;
4 How he went into the house of God, and did take and eat the shewbread, and gave also to them that were with him; which it is not lawful to eat but for the priests alone?
5 And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.
| 1 -
sabbath after the first The meaning of this Greek word, deuteroproton,
1 - Corn fields Grain fields.
1 - Disciples plucked the ears The story of the first five verses is also in mt1201ff and mr0223ff. See comments at for both texts.
5 - Lord also of the sabbath See mr0228.
And it came to pass also on another sabbath, that he entered into the synagogue
and taught: and there was a man whose right hand was withered.
.7 And the scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether he would heal on the sabbath day; that they might find an accusation against him.
8 But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which had the withered hand, Rise up, and stand forth in the midst. And he arose and stood forth.
9 Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing; Is it lawful on the sabbath days to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to destroy it?
10 And looking round about upon them all, he said unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he did so: and his hand was restored whole as the other.
11 And they were filled with madness; and communed one with another what they might do to Jesus.
| 6 -
This story is also in mt1209ff
6 - Taught The other writers don't mention that Jesus spoke to the people on this occasion.
7 - Watched The Greek says "kept watching."
7 - Heal on the Sabbath Also, on the Sabbath, He healed the demon-possessed man mr0121ff, the man at the pool of Bethesda jn0501ff, the man at the pool of Siloam jn0901ff, the woman sick for 18 years lu1310ff, the man with dropsy lu1401ff, and Peter's mother-in-law mr0129ff, a total of seven.
9 - To do good or to do evil In the sense of the effect the actions would have.
11 - Madness The older definition is loss of intelligence and control. Their anger was the cause.
11 - What they might do The decision to take Jesus' life had already been made jn0516. Their question was how.
¶ And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain
to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.
.13 And when it was day, he called unto him his disciples: and of them he chose twelve, whom also he named apostles;
14 Simon, (whom he also named Peter,) and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew,
15 Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,
.16 And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.
- Pray Luke noted Jesus' prayer life more than the other
writers. Also mt1423.
16 - Judas ... was the traitor Literally "... who became a traitor."
And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of
his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem,
and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to
be healed of their diseases;
18 And they that were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed.
19 And the whole multitude sought to touch him: for there went virtue out of him, and healed them all.
- Came down He came down from the mountain where He had prayed
all night before ordaining the twelve. mr0313.
19 - Went virtue out Better translated, "power was coming out." The people realized that He was a source of power.
¶ And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed be
ye poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.
21 Blessed are ye that hunger now: for ye shall be filled. Blessed are ye that weep now: for ye shall laugh.
.22 Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from their company, and shall reproach you, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man's sake.
23 Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy: for, behold, your reward is great in heaven: for in the like manner did their fathers unto the prophets.
- Compare the fuller account beginning in mt0501.
22 - Separate you Likely excommunication.
22 - Cast out your name Slander. 1pe0414.
But woe unto you that are rich! for ye have received your consolation.
25 Woe unto you that are full! for ye shall hunger. Woe unto you that laugh now! for ye shall mourn and weep.
26 Woe unto you, when all men shall speak well of you! for so did their fathers to the false prophets.
- Woe Contrast these verses with the preceding ones. Apparently
in a Hebrew literary form.
24 - Rich Not pleasing words to those who felt that their wealth represented their spiritual status. mt0633, lu1213.
25 - Full Full of material wealth.
¶ But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them
which hate you,
28 Bless them that curse you, and pray for them which despitefully use you.
29 And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other; and him that taketh away thy cloke forbid not to take thy coat also.
30 Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them not again.
31 And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise.
.32 For if ye love them which love you, what thank have ye? for sinners also love those that love them.
33 And if ye do good to them which do good to you, what thank have ye? for sinners also do even the same.
34 And if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to receive, what thank have ye? for sinners also lend to sinners, to receive as much again.
35 But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the evil.
36 Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful.
- Love your enemies Not at all natural for the fallen human
nature. It's a sign of the new birth (v.32ff)
28 - Bless them that curse you See on mt0543.
31 - The golden rule Notice that it doesn't say do back to them as they do to you.
32 - Sinners See mt0546-48. Those who did not know the law or who did not follow it were classified as sinners by the Jews. All Gentiles were thus considered "sinners." See 1jo0304, ac1730.
35 - Hoping From apelpizo. A word found only here in the Bible. In Greek literature it means "to despair." The KJV, here based on the Vulgate, seems to express the intent of the text. See ga0609, 1co1558.
35 - Children of the Highest as summarized in the next verse. Beautiful thoughts.
36 - Merciful Or "compassionate." 2co0514.
¶ Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall
not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven:
.38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again.
- Judge not See mt0701f.
37 - Forgive ... forgiven Also mt0614.
38 - Bosom Means either the breast or the fold of a robe when fastened higher to make walking or working easier. See ex0406, ps07912, pr0627, je3218.
38 - Same measure An attitude of those who put others first and a blessing from the response. The comment concludes the words of Jesus beginning with v27.
| 39 And he spake a parable
unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? shall they not both fall into
.40 The disciple is not above his master: but every one that is perfect shall be as his master.
41 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but perceivest not the beam that is in thine own eye?
42 Either how canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, let me pull out the mote that is in thine eye, when thou thyself beholdest not the beam that is in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite, cast out first the beam out of thine own eye, and then shalt thou see clearly to pull out the mote that is in thy brother's eye.
- Parable Considered the beginning of the second part of
39 - Blind Expressing the same thought as is in v41. Compare lu0810.
40 - Disciple Or "follower" or "learner."
40 - Perfect Better, "fully taught."
41 - Mote Or "speck." A spiritual leader with concealed sin may be able to say the right words but it would seem that the Holy Spirit would not be at work in his life. This would not keep the Holy Spirit from bringing conviction to the one counseled. To continue in the role of counselor, would be presumption. The Jewish teachers had a distorted theology. Could that be a problem today?
For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; neither doth a corrupt
tree bring forth good fruit.
44 For every tree is known by his own fruit. For of thorns men do not gather figs, nor of a bramble bush gather they grapes.
.45 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.
- Known An important test. mt0716.
45 - Good man Compare mt0712, mt0716. Who are our friends and the friends of our children. These are a strong influence.
And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?
47 Whosoever cometh to me, and heareth my sayings, and doeth them, I will shew you to whom he is like:
48 He is like a man which built an house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation on a rock: and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and could not shake it: for it was founded upon a rock.
49 But he that heareth, and doeth not, is like a man that without a foundation built an house upon the earth; against which the stream did beat vehemently, and immediately it fell; and the ruin of that house was great.
- Lord, Lord By definition a "lord" is someone we are obedient
to. See on mt0721.
48 - Built an house An interesting comparison with v49. We all build houses. Both structures in the story must have looked great. So we may go to church and sing in the choir or preach up front but without that committed obedience, the house falls in the storm of persecution or hard times or temptation mt0724. Also see on 1jo0503.
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